DESERT STORM TO IRAQI FREEDOM
The Gulf War which lasted from 2 August 1990 to 28 February 1991, was first code named Operation Desert Shield for the operations leading to the build up of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and then Operation Desert Storm for the actual offensive which lasted from 17 January 1991 to 28 February 1991.
Operation Desert Storm was waged by a coalition of forces from 34 nations, but mainly waged and led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
Before the term “Iraq War” became identified with the Iraq War in 2003, Operation Desert Storm was also known as the Iraq War, also the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, Kuwait War or First Iraq War,are names also associated with Desert Storm. The title “Operation Iraqi Freedom” has also been used.
The war began with Iraqi troops invading Kuwait on the 2 August 1990. International condemnation and economic sanctions against Iraq quickly followed. U.S. President George H. W. Bush deployed U.S. forces into Saudi Arabia, while urging other countries send their own forces. A Coalition – the largest military alliance since World War II – soon joined the Americans. Though the GREAT majority of the military forces were from the U.S., Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and Egypt were leading contributors with Saudi Arabia contributing $36 billion of the $60 billion cost.
Not since the Vietnam War was the media impact so great. U.S. network CNN broadcast live from the front lines of the battle and daily broadcast images from on board U.S. bombers caused the battle to be titled the “Video Game War”.
Aerial bombardment on 17 January 1991 began the conflict to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait, followed by a ground assault on 24 February. All Aerial and ground combat was confined to Iraq, Kuwait, and areas on Saudi Arabia’s border. The end result was a decisive victory for the Coalition forces, who liberated Kuwait and advanced into Iraqi territory.
Yet, the Coalition would declare a cease-fire 100 hours after the ground campaign started and cease its advance.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 passed in April 1991 establishing a permanent cease-fire that included carving up Iraq into no fly zones — especially the Shiite South and Kurdish North — enforced by US Fighters based in Saudi Arabia.
Controversies over enforcing the terms of the cease fire combined with the Election of the [George H W Bush] First President Bush’s son, George W Bush. in 2000, soon developed into a massive US tax payer funded war that would benefit the Bush family.
Elected President from 2001-2009, George W Bush would use the September 11th 2001 attack in New York –though IRAQ had nothing to do with or contributed to, the attack– and intentional false allegations of weapons of mass destruction allegedly in the hands of the Sunni Leader and President of Iraq. Saddam Hussein, along with his State of the Union Address on January 29, 2002 where he tattooed the term AXIS OF EVIL on Iran Iraq and North Korea, as an excuse to invade IRAQ while benefiting long time wealthy Bush family associates, as well as Big Oil, Military Weapons and Equipment Corporations and the Services Industry. He soon used the White House to devise and implement a second Iraqi War.
A note: ever wondered why Iran and North Korea resumed their atomic bomb programs???
Further, it was alleged that in April 1993, former President George Bush visited Kuwait to commemorate the victory over Iraq in the Persian Gulf War. During Bush’s visit, Kuwaiti authorities arrested 17 people allegedly involved in a plot to kill Bush using a car bomb. It was alleged that Saddam Hussein had been the sponsor. Thus, the younger Bush felt that he would punish Saddam Hussein for even thinking he could assassinate his father?
This second Iraqi war would last over ten years and possibly became one of the worst decisions and actions in US History.
Thus, the second Iraqi war, that began with intentionally false information concerning weapons of mass destruction, actually became a us war machine that was supplied and fed by independent, privately owned outside service companies with close ties to the Bush family and their personal log time friend Vice President Richard Bruce “Dick” Cheney AND THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE, DONALD RUMSFELD.
The end result was ten years of slow yet total destruction of the US Military, it’s equipment and the lives of it’s soldiers.
While President Bush inherited the most technologically advanced military in the world, he left it a shambles.
Equipment and men were not simply destroyed in combat on the field of battle, but devastated through the defeat of the very technology itself. From the downing of multimillion dollar helicopters with inexpensive rocket propelled grenades, to the devastation of tanks and other thick armored armored vehicles with Iranian supplied molten copper explosives that penetrated the thick armor like butter , to the mass destruction of poorly armored Humvee and its cargo [ he nor his pentagon saw nor read about the real Black Hawk Down engagement]. With time and support on hand, the enemy was able to slowly find the weak spots and exploit them
…the lowly IED, a simple, cheap road side bomb, constructed of abandoned shells, devastated both equipment and personal. Bush’s belief that he could punish Saddam for attempting to assassinate his Father while earning billions for his “base” of greedy millionaires wound up enriching his family at the expense of our men and woman and the trillions of dollars this country placed in its equipment
Somewhere between more than half to two-thirds of all Americans killed or wounded in combat in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars have been victims of IEDs planted in the ground, in vehicles or buildings, worn as suicide vests or loaded into suicide vehicles, according to data from the Pentagon’s Joint IED Defeat Organization or JIEDDO. The IED has killed more than 3,000 U.S. troops and wounded 33,000. In Afganistan 2012 there were 16,554 ied attacks alone and multimillion dollar troop carriers had to be designed and built costing even more.
Not since WWI were there so many amputees Vs the amount of troops and casualties. The end result was that the US took down the regime of Saddam Hussein , then banned the BATH Party – which was like banning the Republican and Democratic Parties — with orders stating anyone who ever belonged to the Bath party could NOT hold a job in government. In a country like Iraq, this effectively banned any and all experienced individuals– many who had to join the party to feed their families –from earning a living and opened the doors to the Sunni enemy the Shiites –rather than opening the door to both groups .
For a nation that believes in Democracy, a Nation that cried out it was bringing down a dictator and restoring freedom and fairness, that showed mass burial grounds where Saddam had illegally buried the bodies of his opposition, the efforts of the Bush administration actually and essentially led to the take over by the opposing majority SHIITE.
The Shiite were given advanced weaponry, training, and support and allowed to form a government. The Shiite formed a “democratic” government with assistance and advisement of the Iranians, and soon began pushing out and then jailing and murdering the SUNNI leaders; in effect doing exactly what the defeated SUNNI were alleged to have accomplished. This was not only allowed by the Bush family of power but encouraged.
This ultimately led to an invasion by ISIS; an extremist SUNNI based sophisticated and dedicated terror group allegedly worse than the TALIBAN.
And, while the Shiite had no problem donning uniforms supplied by the US and using firearms, tanks, Humvee and other military gear supplied by the US to hunt down, intimidate and take advantage of the Sunni minority with the knowledge of the US Forces, when ISIS invaded Iraq, they dropped their weapons, stripped off their uniforms and disappeared down to the Shiite territory.
Support for ISSI was required to invade; it was made available and offered BY the very Sunni Iraqi Tribes who were cast aside for 1o years. As of this update, 6/14/2014, ISIS has successfully invaded IRAQ and Equipment and supplies requested by the Bush-Cheney Group and paid for by US tax payers has fallen into the hands of of ISIS , the worlds most:
SERIOUS AL-QAEDA TERRORIST TYPE ORGANIZATION WHOM HAVE TAKEN LARGE AREAS OF IRAQ AND SYRIA, WITH INFLUENCE IN JORDAN, THE WEST BANK, THE GAZA STRIP AND LEBANON, WHOM NOW HAVE A BANK ROLL OF AN ESTIMATED HALF A BILLION AMERICAN DOLLARS WITH ACCESS TO BOTH RAW OIL [WELLS] , REFINING AND SHIPPING.
THUS, THE END RESULT OF THE BUSH #2 WAR HAS PROVEN THAT THE REAL” AXIS OF EVIL” WAS THE FALSEHOOD OF THE BUSH/CHENEY/RUMSFELD AXIS.
BUSH’S SELF-STATED “BASE” , THOSE WHOM SUPPLIED THE CASH AND POLITICAL MUSCLE FOR BOTH HIS ELECTIONS , FAIRED WELL. OVER A TRILLION DOLLARS IN BORROWED FINANCES CONTRIBUTED TO THE INTERNATIONAL MONEY CONSORTIUM. THESE FUNDS THEN PADDED THE ACCOUNTS OF THE WEAPONS AND SERVICES INDUSTRY, THE INTERNATIONAL CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY, THE SURPLUS [POLICE FORCES-FOREIGN ARMIES] MILITARY INDUSTRY, AND, FLOWED IN MANY WAYS TO THEIR INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT NETWORK IN BRITAIN, IRAQ, ISRAEL, AFGHANISTAN, PAKISTAN, THE MID EAST , EAST EUROPE, WEST EUROPE AS WELL AS OVERSEAS HOLDERS OF STOCKS AND BONDS IN THE MAJOR DEFENSE, FINANCE AND CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES.
…AND SO GOES 15 YEARS OF TREASURE, TROOPS, EQUIPMENT, CASH AND THE VERY LIVES AND FUTURES OF SO MANY AMERICAN SERVICE MEMBERS..
MILITARY WATCHES USA
MILITARY WATCHES USA
4637 specifications pdf
3118 specifications pdf
|Benrus||na||6645-952-3767||PLA||7 j MEC||1966-1969|
|Belforte||na||6645-952-3767||PLA||7 j MEC||1965||Benrus|
|Benrus||na||6645-00-952-3767||PLA||7 j MEC||1970-1976|
|Hamilton||na||6645-00-952-3767||CRM||7 j MEC||1970 – 1975(?)||Australian Army|
|Hamilton||na||6645-00-952-3767||CRM||7 j MEC||1972-1975||US Issue; Part No. 39988|
|Hamilton||na||6645-00-952-3767||CRM||7j MEC||1977-1983||Part no. 39988|
|Timex||na||6645-00-952-3767||PLA||Timex #24 MEC||1982||Limited distribution|
|Stocker & Yale||na||6645-00-952-3767||PLA||1 j MEC||1983-1984||SandY 184|
|Stocker & Yale||Type 2||6645-00-952-3767||PLA||1 j MEC||1984-1986||SandY 184A|
|Marathon||Type 2||6645-00-952-3767||PLA||MEC||1990||Model 348|
|Hamilton||Type 1||6645-00-066-4279||CRM||17j MEC HCK||1988||39986; Hamilton|
|Marathon||Type 2||6645-01-304-4308||PLA||17j MEC||1991||Mod. 348A; tritium vials introduced|
|Stocker & Yale||Type 1||6645-00-066-4279||PLA||17j MEC HCK||1991||SandY 490; tritium vials|
|Marathon||Type 1||6645-00-066-4279||PLA||17j MEC HCK||199?- 2000||Model 348 A|
|Marathon||Type 2||6645-00-952-3767||PLA||??j mech||1997||Model 359|
|Marathon||Type 3||6645-01-318-9833||PLA||QTZ HCK||199?||Model 350A|
|Marathon||Type 6||6645-01-364-4042||PLA||QTZ HCK||1997 – 2001||Model 211, Navigators|
|Stocker & Yale||Type 1||6645-00-066-4279||PLA||17j MEC HCK||1993-199?||SandY 490; ETA 2801 movement|
|Stocker & Yale||Type 3||6645-01-252-6705||PLA||QTZ HCK||199?||SandY 590|
|Stocker & Yale||Type 6||6645-01-364-4042||PLA||QTZ HCK||1995-2000||P650 Navigators|
|Stocker & Yale||Type 6||6645-01-364-4042||STS||QTZ HCK||1995-1998||P660 Navigators|
|Case designations: PLA = plastic, CRM = corrosion resistant metal; STS = stainless steel . Movement designations: ## j = number of jewels; QTZ = electronic quartz mvt, MEC =manual wind mechanical mvt.; HCK = hacking
US ARMY SPECIFICATION NO. 94-27834-B,
F-5. Individual Tests.- Each watch shall be subject to the following tests:
F-5a. Room Temperature Rate Test – Horizontal Position. – The watch shall be fully wound and run for one day to allow it to settle down. The daily rate of the watch then shall be determined for a period of 3 consecutive days with the watch in a horizontal position with the dial up and with a daily winding. The average of the daily rates during the test period shall not exceed 30 seconds.
F-5b. Room Temperature Rate Test – Vertical Position. – The daily rate of the watch shall be determined for a period of 3 consecutive days with the watch in a vertical position, with the pendant down and with daily winding. The average of the daily rates during the test period shall not exceed 30 seconds. The difference between the average daily rate obtained in this test, and in the test specified in Paragraph F-5a, shall not exceed 45 seconds.
F-6. Routine Type Test. – The following tests, in addition to those specified in Paragraph F-5, shall be applied to not less than 5 watches selected at random from each hundred or fraction thereof that are contracted for.
F-6a. Plus 35 Degrees Centigrade (Plus 95 Degrees Fahrenheit) Temperature Rate Test – Pendant Down Position.- The watch shall be fully wound and then subjected to a temperature of plus 35 degrees Centigrade (plus 95 degrees Fahrenheit) for a period of 5 hours. During this period, the daily rate of the watch shall not differ more than 20 seconds from the average daily rate obtained in the test specified in Paragraph F-5b. (In order to arrive at the correct figure for the rate allowance for the temperature test, the error noted for the 5-hour period shall be multiplied by 4.8 in order to determine the rate for 24 hours).
F-6b. Zero Degrees Centigrade (Plus 32 Degrees Fahrenheit)- Temperature Rate Test – Pendant Down Position. – The watch shall be tested as descrived in Paragraph F-6a, except that the watch shall be at a temperature of zero degrees Centigrade (plus 32 degrees Fahrenheit). The daily rate of the watch shall not differ more than 40 seconds from the daily rate obtained in test specified in Paragraph F-5b.
F-6c. Waterproof Test. – The watch shall be suspended above a beaker of water placed in a vacum chamber which shall be evacuated to 5 1/2 inches of mercury (to simulate a condition of 72 inches of water), then the watch shall be immersed for a period of 15 seconds. There shall be no evidence of leakage of water into the watch during the test period. Leakage will appear as bubbles emanating from the back, crystal, or stem of the watch.